Modern science supplies good evidence for believing that the existence of the universe is the result of a divine creator. But even if we can make a sound argument for a divine creator from scientific evidence, is there any way of showing that this divine Creator is the Christian God who revealed himself in the person of Jesus Christ?
In this video from an online event hosted by Prepared to Answer, Dr. Kirk Durston lays out a clear argument for rationally justifying why we can believe that the divine creator who science points to is the Christian God of the Bible.
Here is a summary of his argument.
Rational justification vs. proof
First, we need to clarify the difference between “rational justification” and “proof.” Proofs are rare, occurring mostly in abstract fields such as logic or math.
Rational justification, however, can be offered where there are sound reasons, even if not “proofs” for believing something to be true. To be rationally justified means you have better reasons for believing something is true than for a competing belief.
Reasons for a divine creator reaching out to us through religion
Since the creator of nature must be non-natural (i.e. supernatural), it stands to reason that the field of religion is a good place to look for evidence that such a creator has reached out to make his existence known to us.
Without favouring any one religion, an objective and honest approach would be to ask three questions of any religion:
- Is there reason to believe the founder of this religion had any special connection to the creator of the universe?
- Is there reason to believe that the sacred text of this religion came from a supernatural source?
- Is/are the god(s) of this religion easy to explain, or is it/are they difficult to explain?
What reasons to believe does Christianity offer?
Based on these three questions, Christianity is the only religion in history that supplies a broad and sound base of reasons for believing that the divine creator has revealed himself as the God of the Bible and Christianity.
Reason 1: Jesus as God
First, there is very good evidence from the biblical and historical record that Jesus Christ not only had special connection to the Creator, but was himself God appearing in human form.
Some evidence to consider is:
- Jesus’ own claims about himself as divine
- Ancient prophecies fulfilled exclusively by Jesus Christ
- The historical evidence for the miraculous physical resurrection of Jesus from the dead after dying on the cross
Reason 2: The Bible as a supernatural text
Second, there’s good evidence that the Bible as the Christian source of sacred texts is supernatural in origin. Most notably, its accuracy in prophetic predictions.
Reason 3: God as a triune being (the Trinity)
Third, we would expect a human-invented god to be explainable, since such a god originated in human minds. But the God of the Bible who reveals himself and relates to humanity in personal terms that we can understand, is also mysterious in his being as Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). He’s an eternal Creator who is eternally one in his being, but eternally three in his persons.
Far out of our realm of experience and very difficult to comprehend, God’s triune nature lends credence to the unlikelihood that the Christian God is a fabrication of human imagination.
While we fall short of saying that this provides a proof that the divine Creator of the universe is the Christian God, it does provide us with a high degree of rational justification.
There’s strong reason for believing that Jesus Christ, who claimed to be God in the flesh, is indeed the Creator of the universe and one true God.
This live online presentation was delivered by Kirk Durston at an event hosted by Prepared to Answer.
KIRK DURSTON, our guest presenter, has worked with Power to Change at universities across Canada for the past 37 years, thinking, writing, and speaking about the interaction of science, theology, and philosophy within the context of authentic Christianity. Kirk has been a speaker at several of Prepared to Answer’s “How Can You Know?” apologetics conferences. You can find Kirk at kirkdurston.com.
You can also listen to an audio version here or find it as an episode in the Prepared to Answer Podcast in your favourite podcast app.